MALİ SUÇLAR VE MALİ SUÇLARLA MÜCADELE: TÜRKİYE ÖRNEĞİAbstract views: 507 / PDF downloads: 783
Since the 1980s, developments in technological fields have facilitated financial unification and led to the
rapid development of international markets. In this context, while new types of financial instruments are emerging; information systems have been instrumental in financial integration in capital markets. The funds in the financial system entered the markets that gave them the highest earnings. Increasing fund transfers increased the transaction volume, paving the way for increased financial crimes and easier money laundering. The problem of financial crimes and money laundering, which has increased with globalization, has become an international dimension rather than being a problem of a single country. For this reason, in order for the fight against financial crimes and money laundering to be effective and successful, it has become necessary to cooperate in the international arena and make arrangements for the common struggle. While the fight against money laundering is fought by establishing international organizations and signing contracts in the international arena, Turkey is also fighting through financial intelligence units within this framework. In this study, the concept of financial crime and types of financial crimes are examined and the negative effects of financial crimes in the Turkish economy are discussed. In this context, the activities of the Financial Crimes Investigation Board (MASAK), which was established under the Ministry of Treasury and Finance and combating financial crimes and money laundering activities, and other relevant institutions were examined within the scope of the study.